Research carried out by the University of North Carolina has concluded that young women may be harming their fertility if they use e-cigarettes
The findings in the study were published in the Journal of the Endocrine Society.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 3.6 million students use e-cigarettes, a rise of 1.5 million in 2017.
Author Kathleen Caron said the use of e-cigarettes prior to conception significantly delayed implantation of the embryo
She said: “We also discovered that e-cigarette usage throughout pregnancy changed the long-term health and metabolism of female offspring – imparting lifelong, second-generation effects on the growing fetus.”
She said the findings, which were carried out on mice, are important as vaping and e-cigarettes were perceived by society as a safer alternative to smoking traditional cigarettes.
Smoking of traditional cigarettes has long been known to have a negative impact on fertility and anyone who is experiencing issues with conceiving are advised to quit to maximise their chances of conception.
The research study received funding support from the National Institutes of Health, the American Heart Association and the Food and Drug Administration in the US.